The worst tropical storms to affect Mozambique
Chair: PDG Grant Daly
District Governor Charles Deiner
District Governor Elect Maurice Stander
District Governor Nominee Annemarie Mostert
District Governor Nominee Designate Stella Anyangwe
IPDG Jankees Sligcher
PP Steve Du Plessis
PDG David Grant (communication and general networking)
AG Bruno Amaral (assisted by Gloria & Liliana) (communication and networking in Mozambique)
Contact email: reaction(at)rotary9400.co.za (please correct email)
Account Name: Rotary International Projects Account
Bank: Standard Bank
Branch: Four Ways Crossing
Branch Number: 009953
Account Number: 372510949
Swift Code: SBZAZAJJ
Moz – Your name/Club name/District No
i.e. Moz-Rtn John,or Moz-Nelspruit, or Moz-District 9400(D9400)
Moz – Your name/company
i.e. Moz- John Smith, or Moz-XX Electrical
The Rotary Foundation has again come to the rescue of Southern Africa and D9400 is selected as the custodians of the funds. A benevolent donor has presented a Directed Gift of $100,000 to D9400.
The gift will be used as a Global Grant to assist the beleaguered Mozambicans who have suffered the effects of cyclone Idai. The objective is to include an International Rotary club or District to partner with D9400 to make a difference in Mozambique. Approaches have been made to Canada and to Germany for partners. Any club or District may contact our NPC Chair Past District Governor Grant Daly (npcchair [at] rotary9400.co.za) or District Governor Charles Deiner (dg [at] rotary9400.co.za) should they wish to partner with D9400
The district leadership has put together a Disaster Committee that includes Rotarians from Mozambique. An online meeting was conducted on Tuesday to get everyone to work as a team and determine what the pressing need is in Mozambique. All stakeholders will be consulted to determine the communities needs. As the project will take place in D9210 the leadership and senior leaders will also be consulted.
District 9400 NPC, was successful in securing the first Disaster Response Grant (DR1) The award amount is $25,000 and will be used for the following specific purpose:
$15,000 To purchase Squirt water filters
$10,000 To purchase and distribute medical supplies
Congratulations to all who worked so hard to make this happen.
Dear DG Charles and PDG Grant,
Just wanted to send a note of congratulations for your timely and effective response to the Mozambique cyclone. When we were in Evanston a few weeks ago, we heard that your application was the FIRST to be received by TRF and the FIRST to be approved for a new disaster response grant of $25,000. Congratulations! I was pleased to hear that your grant application had been turned around so quickly so that you can begin work immediately; I imagine no time can be wasted in these circumstances.
Wishing you all the best as you celebrate your district’s many achievements this Rotary year. Thank you for being humanitarian partners through The Rotary Foundation, and hope to see you both soon.
Senior Major Gifts Officer | Foundation Services
|Ann Lake Publications||R2,000.00|
|Geoff & Cheryl Havenga||R500.00|
|RC Benoni Aurora||R10,000.00||@benoniaurorarotary|
|RC Benoni van Ryn||R2,000.00|
|RC Ermelo Phoenix||R5,000.00|
|RC Haenertsburg||R2,000.00||RC Haenertsburg|
|RC Johannesburg New Dawn||R10,000.00||@rcnewdawn|
|RC Knights Pendragon||R10,000.00||@rotaryclubknightspendragon|
|RC Krugersdorp||R15,000.00||RC Krugersdorp|
|RC Malkerns Valley||R20,000.00|
|RC Mbuluzi Mbabane to Polona||R25,000.00||@therotaryclubofmbuluzimbabane|
|RC Meyerton/Henley on Klip||R1,000.00||RC Meyerton/Henley|
|RC Johannesburg East||R500.00|
|RC Middelburg||R12,000.00||RC Middelburg|
|RC Middelburg Cycad||R10,000.00||RC Middelburg Cycad|
|RC Pietersburg 100||R50,000.00||@rotarypbg100|
|RC Pretoria Capital||R13,500.00|
|RC Pretoria East||R1,850.00||@rotaryclubofpretoriaeast|
|RC Vanderbijlpark||R5,000.00||RC Vanderbijlpark|
|RC White River||R30,000.00||@rotarywhiteriver|
|Rtn C Qually||R500.00|
|Less: Polana bottles||R25,000.00|
|Less: Provision Transportation||R27,423.00|
Club / Person
|POAF||10,000 mosquito nets, and Hlokomela another 15,000. 12,500 earmarked for Kingsley Holgate to distribute||@theprincessofafricafoundation|
|RC Fourways Main Reef||1670 Blankets||@fourwaysmainreef|
|RC Johannesburg||20 Boxes Watermaker Sachets (4000,000Lt purified water)||@RoCJHB|
|RC Malkerns Valley||Clothes and water|
|RC Pietersburg 100||Food Packets and Shoes / Donation||@rotarypbg100|
|RC White River||Water Purification Sachets / Aircraft fuel||@rotarywhiteriver|
|Sandton Holiday Inn||Linnen and beds organized by PDA Sylvia Knoop|
Many Rotarians are very concerned about the crisis in Mozambique and I would like to give you an update as to what our District is doing with regard to the Cyclone Idai and the massive destruction it has caused. The Rotary Club of Ballito responded immediately when the Cyclone struck and set up a special account to offer relief. Due to their close links with our friends in Mozambique, I realised that it would expediate things if one Rotary Club handled the crisis rather than set up a District Fund. I am in close contact with DG Hutch in the area as well.
We are very fortunate to be working very closely with the Rotary Club of Polana in Mozambique and we have concentrated our efforts in the District with supplying nutrition in the form of a food product which is sourced in our own District. The nutritious maize roll supplies all the daily nutritional needs for two people for a landed price to Mozambique for under R10. It has a shelf life of 12 months and is what is being requested by our friends in Mozambique as people are starving. The task of getting the food to Mozambique is a huge one, which is being expertly handled.
Other Districts are concentrating on water purification needs and rebuilding requirements. As more and more money is collected from our District, we can also look at these areas to show our support. Right now, food is critical to the people there as well. As I said in my earlier correspondence to clubs, the Rotary club of Ballito have taken up the collection and distribution of the food source on behalf of all of us.
PDG Richard Brooks will give a clear and concise record of all money collected and all spending at the end of July 2019 will be accounted for.. So far , we have collected R82 500. Any Rotarian or Club is very welcome to contact him and ask for more information.
His email is email@example.com
Cell 073 210 1235
He has lots and lots of information which is available through him. Any club wishing to donate, please note the banking details :
The Rotary Club of Ballito
Please ref IDAI Food Relief
Provision of items such as:
Quick Water purification equipment (to assist immediate needs)
Rebuilding of infrastructure:
Aid Strategy: Keep it simple and attainable.
Clearance at border on Mozambique side– Send details of delivery to the INGC before dispatch. Vehicle permits will be required. Cost is approximately R1900/vehicle.
Clearance at border on SA side – Given that the export is for disaster aid SARS regards the export as a ghost export and so no export permit is required. However, delivery note/waybill must clearly describe delivery address and purpose and on return thru customs they might ask for proof/confirmation of delivery.
All paperwork must be ready before any truck is despatched.
Trucks to be covered in case of rain.
Arrangements to receive goods need to be in place in Maputo plus arrangements to deliver from Maputo to Beira.
All communications with Mozambique to be channeled through David Grant and Bruno Amaral in Maputo.
As for the logistics, Mozambique Rotarians have established the following options
INGC – The consignment is to be delivered to the INGC’s warehouse in Maputo where most of the goods are being assembled. The goods are then taken to Beira on INGC’s discretion, be it by sea or air.
WFP – The consignment could also be delivered to the World Food Programme’s (WFP) warehouse in Maputo. Although, this information is still to be provided by Nour from the WFP. RC Polana will be available to guide the trucks to where they should deliver the goods.
Should the Rotarians in Maputo find other means, they will advise the committee. All these details will need to be coordinated prior to any consignment leaving South Africa, just so we don’t have any issues once the goods are in Maputo.
Determine Collection Points
Clubs are encouraged to arrange collection points within their own communities.
The road to Beira is now open
District 9400 is in communication with the following organisations
Australian Disaster Aid
From the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
The totals below will be updated on a regular basis
Cholera cases | 6,572 treated | 16 existing cases
Houses destroyed /damaged
Hectares of crops destroyed
People assisted with food
Malaria Deaths 2019 1st Quarter
Cholera Cases reported | Pemba
Houses partially or Totally destroyed
Hectares of crops affected
People assisted with food
Health Posts Destroyed
Malaria Cases (increasing)
In March and April 2019, Mozambique was hit by two consecutive tropical cyclones that left a trail of death, damage and destruction in their path.
In March 2019, the Tropical Cyclone Idai weather system’s impact came in three waves: in early March, the low pressure system caused flooding in Zambezia and Tete, displacing more than 140,000 people; on 14 March, Cyclone Idai made landfall near the port City of Beira – home to 500,000 people – tearing roofs off homes and buildings; finally, over the weekend of 16-17 March, the weather system carried torrential rains across multiple areas, causing rivers to overflow and leaving people stranded on trees and houses.
On 25 April, Tropical Cyclone Kenneth made landfall in Cabo Delgado province just six weeks after Idai and was the first cyclone to make landfall this far north in Mozambique. Entire villages were flattened and thousands of people were displaced, in a country already dealing with the consequences of drought and Cyclone Idai.
Humanitarian actors have scaled-up operations, in support of the Government-led response. However, people are still in need of vital assistance and more funding is urgently required.
Geneva, 14 May 2019 – A major international conference on disaster risk reduction will take place under the shadow of Cyclone Idai – a disaster that underscored how little investment the international community makes in protecting vulnerable people from rising disaster risks.
Cyclone Idai hit central Mozambique on the night of 14 to 15 March. It killed hundreds of people and left an estimated 1.85 million people in need of help in Mozambique alone. In its aftermath, UN agencies, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), and many other groups launched massive relief operations.
The price of Red Cross and UN relief operations alone came out to about 315 million Swiss francs – nearly 1,000 times the 340,000 Swiss francs of international funding that was released by IFRC immediately before the storm to help evacuate and prepare at-risk communities. This gap is lessened when longer-term risk reduction efforts are taken into account. For example, in recent years the IFRC network has invested about 7 million Swiss francs in disaster risk reduction in Mozambique. However, the discrepancy remains.
Elhadj As Sy, IFRC’s Secretary General, said:
“Cyclone Idai was a reminder that the way we respond to disasters is out of balance. Lack of investment to reduce and prevent disaster impacts results in more and more money needed to save lives and repair damages after the fact.
“Such a model doesn’t work for people who are at risk of storms and flooding. It’s also a model that doesn’t make financial sense, especially as we anticipate increased weather-related disasters as a result of climate change.”
This warning coincides with the opening tomorrow (15 May) of the UN Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in Geneva. The Global Platform is the preeminent global forum for governments, aid groups and other stakeholders to discuss and address disaster risks. While there has been a shift in recent years towards more risk-focused investment, IFRC is concerned that not enough of this investment is reaching vulnerable communities, in areas that are at highest risk of storms, floods and other weather-related disasters, where it is most needed and where it could prove most effective. More resources should also be allocated to preparedness, prevention and adaptation.
“This means investing more in early warning systems that reach the last mile. It also means investing more in local aid groups that are best placed to help people prepare,” said Mr Sy.
At the beginning of May, six weeks after Cyclone Idai, more than 1 million people were evacuated from coastal areas in India’s Odisha state in advance of Cyclone Fani. This incredible achievement is evidence that preparedness efforts, backed by long-term investment and strong political will, can have profound impacts.
“The India experience shows that investment in local preparedness and early warning systems works. It saves lives and, in the case of Cyclone Fani, can prevent catastrophes. But unfortunately, this is still the exception to the rule. And that needs to change,” said Mr Sy.
IFRC is the world’s largest humanitarian network, comprising 191 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies working to save lives and promote dignity around the world.
The death toll from the impact of Cyclone Kenneth is now 45 people, including 41 people in Cabo Delgado (33 in Macomia; 7 in Pemba and 1 in Quissanga districts) and 4 in Nampula (2 each in Erati and Memba districts) provinces, according to the National Disaster Management Institute (INGC). Nearly 45,000 houses have been either partially destroyed (22,042 houses) or totally destroyed (22,865) in the two provinces; 84 per cent of which (37,748 houses) are in Cabo Delgado province. More than 1,400 houses remain flooded, according to the Government. Nearly 41,700 school-age children in Cabo Delgado have been impacted by the destruction of 480 classrooms either partially (291) or completely (189), in addition to the occupation of schools by displaced people.
Food insecurity remains a major concern due to the destruction of planted crops (rice, beans, maize, and cassava) and loss of pre-cyclone harvests that were either washed away or spoiled and not fit for human consumption. At least 55,351 hectares of crops were affected by the cyclone; 40 per cent of which (28,189 crops) were completely destroyed, according to the INGC. There is a window until the end of May for the planting of maize and beans. However, finding seeds of appropriate quality is expected to be challenging. About 10,000 fishermen lost their fishing boats and/or fishing equipment. In the Integrated Food Security Phase (IPC)-Nutrition Assessment conducted in April 2017, the districts of Namuno, Chiure and Ancuabe in Cabo Delgado had the highest rates of acute malnutrition in Mozambique, and this is expected to be exacerbated by the cyclone.
The number of accommodation centres housing internally displaced people (IDPs) reduced from 11 on 9 May (hosting 3,500 people), to 8 sites sheltering 3,130 people as of 12 May, according to the National Disaster Management Institute (INGC). About 68,330 people (13,666 households) are being targeted for resettlement, according to the Government. Humanitarian partners continue to advocate for all population movement to be safe, dignified, voluntary and informed; in addition to ensuring access to basic social services in the area, including access to water, sanitation facilities and food.
Som 149 cholera cases had been reported in Pemba (120 cases), Metuge (19) and Mecufi (10), as of 12 May. Over 516,000 doses of the Oral Cholera Vaccine (OCV) were received by the authorities and health partners in Pemba on 12 May, for the vaccination campaign scheduled to start on 16 May, according to the authorities.
At least 19 health posts were destroyed by the impact of the cyclone, including sexual and reproductive health facilities. It is estimated that more than 7,000 pregnant women are at risk of unsafe childbirth in affected areas, according to UNFPA. The distribution of Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH kits) is underway to key locations.
The lack of power/electricity continues to affect water supply for areas serviced with electric water tanks and hand pumps, including in Mucojo and Quissanga. Water trucking remains a challenge in the affected areas of Pemba as the entire water system network has reportedly broken and may need to be replaced in several places, according to the Government.
Humanitarian actors, in collaboration with the Government had reached more than 128,200 people with food assistance in Ibo (9,458 people), Macomia (84,390 people), Pemba (1,430 people) and Quissanga (32,928 people) districts, as of 12 May. This includes more than 37,000 people reached with High Energy Biscuits (HEBs) and more than 91,000 people provided with a two-week food ration. Food Security Cluster partners are planning to support fishermen and farmers, including with seeds (maize and beans) and fishing equipment and boats, by the end of May. Nutrition partners have initiated screening and Vitamin A supplementation in health centres and two accommodation centres in Pemba.
Protection partners are in the process of dispatching 15 large tents and 15 small tents for the establishment of women-friendly spaces. The training of social workers identified by the Ministry of Gender on protection against sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA) and child protection is ongoing. A protection mainstreaming checklist has been endorsed by the Government and widely shared to facilitate the integration of protection in the humanitarian response. As of 11 May, UNFPA had distributed 34 sexual and reproductive health kits, 300 dignity kits and 10 tents in Ibo, Macomia, Quissanga and Metuge districts. Through coordination with telephone service providers, a broadcast text message on PSEA has been circulated, increasing awareness of the issue.
Education Cluster partners are supporting the establishment of temporary learning spaces and rehabilitation of damaged schools. Three schools tents were dispatched to Ibo on 12 May, with plans to send learning kits to Ibo and Mucojo in the coming days. One school tent and 160 boxes of school kits were delivered to Quissanga and 25 school kits have been delivered to Metuge. The school in Metuge continues to be used as an accommodation centre and the tents will be used or temporary learning spaces.
Made landfall just North of Pemba
25 April 2019
Tropical Cyclone Kenneth passed through the Comoros on 24 April, hitting the northern Ngazidja Island and reportedly causing three deaths, at least 20 injuries and extensive damage to houses across the archipelago. Preliminary estimates indicate that at least 1,000 people were displaced, most of them children. While assessments are ongoing, initial reports from the Comoros indicate that several villages were flooded due to sea surges and broken dykes, and that power was cut in multiple locations. Roads have reportedly been damaged and cut off by fallen trees, while telephone poles are down in multiple locations.
On the evening of 25 April, Tropical Cyclone Kenneth made landfall between the districts of Macomia and Mocimboa da Praia. Although preliminary information on impact is still incoming, the storm’s cyclonic winds were expected to reach 180 kilometres per hour prior to landfall, according to the Mozambique National Institute for Meteorology (INM). The Cyclone is forecasted to bring heavy rains, with over 500mm of rainfall expected from 24 to 30 April, and more than 750mm possible in some locations in Cabo Delgado. As the storm comes at the end of the rainy season, river levels are already high, and several rivers are projected to increase beyond the severe alert threshold after landfall, with peak flows most likely to occur on 29 April in the region around Pemba (Mozambique). There is a high risk of flash flooding and landslides.
This is the first time in recorded history that two strong tropical cyclones have hit Mozambique in the same season, with Tropical Cyclone Kenneth following on the heels of Tropical Cyclone Idai, which made landfall on 14 March, leaving more than 600 people dead and an estimated 1.85 million people in need in Mozambique alone. Tropical Cyclone Kenneth is expected to become only the third satellite-era system to evolve to a moderate tropical storm stage or higher in the area north of the Mozambique Channel, according to Meteo France. The other two systems concerned, Elinah in 1983 and Doloresse in 1996, did not reach the African coast. Tropical Cyclone Kenneth therefore threatens an area where the population is not used to cyclones.
Southern Tanzania and eastern Malawi are also expected to receive rains caused by the weather system. In Tanzania, an increase in cloud formation is already being witnessed, and an increase of rain is expected in Dar es Salaam, Tanga, Pemba, Lindi and Mtwara regions, the south coast of Tanzania and around Lake Victoria.
The Comoros has activated its National Contingency Plan with the establishment of a fixed command post within the General Directorate of Civil Security (DGSC). Ahead of the storm, people living in high risk areas were urged to evacuate to shelters in safe locations. Emergency stocks have been positioned for the health, education, nutrition and WASH sectors and the United Nations has deployed staff to support Government-led assessments.
In Mozambique, the Government and Red Cross volunteers alerted communities in areas where the concern of flooding, erosion and landslides was particularly high and at least 30,000 people were evacuated from areas at highest-risk, according to the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC). Flights to Pemba have been suspended and schools have been closed in the cyclone’s path. Schools are also being prepared by the government to host people displaced by the storm. An INGC team, led by the Director-General, has deployed to Pemba, which humanitarian partners are supporting. A joint World Food Programme (WFP)/International Organisation for Migration (IOM) team is pre-positioned in the northern part of the province to support the response. Humanitarian organizations have pre-positioned supplies and have additional teams on stand-by to deploy to the area.
In Tanzania, the Government initially issued a warning saying people in the town of Mtwara should move to higher grounds. However, as the storm path shifted southwards, the warning was stood down, according to media reports.
In Malawi, the Government has issued a statement saying it expects enhanced rainfall throughout the country and in particular along the lakeshore.
(Ruth Maclean | The Guardian)
The strongest cyclone ever to hit Mozambique has made landfall in the country’s north, five weeks after Cyclone Idai devastated its centre, according to meteorologists.
Surpassing both Idai and the 2000 cyclone that had been the strongest to date, Cyclone Kenneth hit Cabo Delgado province with wind speeds of 140km/h (87mph), bringing the threat of extreme rainfall.
After forming off Madagascar’s coast earlier this week, Kenneth passed to the north of the island nation of Comoros on Wednesday night, killing three people and causing widespread damage to homes and infrastructure.
The storm is expected to stall inland for several days and around one metre of rain is expected in the area north of the city of Pemba, more than the usual average for an entire year in the region.
The National Institute of Disaster Management said it would relocate rescue equipment including boats and helicopters from Beira, which was devastated by Idai. Some have been warning that southern Tanzania could be hit too, but the storm path appears to tend south.
Meteorologists said Kenneth was a category 4 hurricane on Wednesday night but had weakened slightly by the time it hit Mozambique. Cyclones of this magnitude are rare in the region, and two within just over a month was unknown until now.
“It’s really an anomaly in the history of cyclones in this region. There’s never been two storms this strong hit in the same year, let alone within five weeks of each other in Mozambique,” said Eric Holthaus, a meteorologist who has worked in east Africa and was watching the cyclone’s path closely.
Holthaus said that there was probably a “blocking pattern” in the upper atmosphere that prevented Kenneth from dissipating inland or escaping to the south, so it would most likely sit around 100km inland, attracting more moisture from the Indian Ocean.
“Nothing like this has happened in this region, and rarely happens anywhere in the world, where a cyclone of this strength stalls for this many days. So the kind of rainfall totals that the models are showing for Kenneth are really extreme in the global context,” he said.
There is evidence, however, that blocking patterns such as the one that makes Kenneth so intense are getting stronger with climate change, he added. The rainfall, which could reach 1.5 metres in some areas, will be catastrophic for the people of northern Mozambique.
Volunteers from the Red Cross have spent the past few days warning people in the storm’s path and advising them to secure their roofs, put sandbags around their houses and get out of the area if possible.
“Most of these people are living in dire poverty … so it’s not the case that they can just get in the car and drive 200km inland. They really are exposed,” said the Red Cross’s Matthew Carter, who was about to board a plane north from Beira, where aid workers are providing food, water, shelter and medicine to thousands of people made homeless by Idai.
The tropical cyclone could be accompanied by eight-metre waves and a three-metre storm surge.
The increased threat of diseases like cholera and malaria, as well as the availability of food, are major long-term worries that communities affected by both Kennegh and Idai face. Kenneth has hit at the peak of harvest season, meaning a possible six-month period without food.
“It’s not just the immediate effects of someone losing their home, it’s also the longer-term effects of food price increases and lack of a harvest for farmers,” Carter said.
The Cabo Delgado region of northern Mozambique is not as highly populated as the area surrounding Beira, and the main coastal city, Pemba, is not expected to take a direct hit, so there may be fewer people directly affected than by Idai.
On 20 July, the planned relocation of 400 people from Beira City to Guara Guara proceeded smoothly according to protection partners. Prior to the relocation, the government, supported by protection partners, organized a “go-and-see” visit for three community leaders from the IFAPA site in Beira to inspect the conditions in the sites in Guara Guara. The leaders reportedly expressed content with the situation in the sites and were later asked to share their findings with the entire community in IFAPA. Construction of temporary latrines for the new arrivals was completed on 18 April. The authorities have, however, requested additional support with tents and non-food items. UNICEF has provided a large tent (102 meters), which will be erected by COSACA to serve as backup, in case more shelter is required.
Many interior roads remain inaccessible, as numerous secondary roads were washed away or cut off. In Sofala and Manica provinces alone, at least 177,000 people are estimated to be in more than 50 communities that are hard-to-reach or inaccessible by road, including in Buzi, Chibabava, Nhamatanda and Sussendenga districts. Efforts are underway to ensure that life-saving assistance reaches these areas.
Meanwhile, the number of displaced people living in accommodation centres has increased by more than 8,000 people since 18 April, according to Government reports. As of 20 April, there were 77,003 people in 66 sites across Manica (32); Sofala (26); Tete (5) and Zambezia (3).
Funding towards the revised Humanitarian Response Plan, calling for US$337.2 million (including $282 million for the Cyclone Idai response) has reached 24.3 per cent. Multiple Member States have provided financial contributions for the humanitarian response in Mozambique, with at least $116.2 million recorded in the Financial Tracking System (FTS) as of 15 April, of which $82.1 million has been allocated against the appeal. This includes funding received for both the pre-existing drought response and the floods/Cyclone Idai response. Member States whose contributions are not yet reflected in FTS are encouraged to report as soon as possible
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